Gonorrhea Testing

A comprehensive overview of gonorrhea covering subjects as symptoms, diagnostics, research, causes and pictures
Gonorrhea Testing

Gonorrhea testing - Prevention and control

     Vaccination against gonorrhea is unfortunately not available; the vaccine made from purified gonococci Pilli does not proved effective. The best way to limit the spread of infection in a population is the widespread use of condoms during sexual intercourse. Some spermicidal prepared to give some protection against infection with gonorrhea or Chlamydia.

     Prophylaxis as soon as possible after a sexual infection it may be administered 200 mg of minocycline or doxicilina that reduce the risk of developing the infection; this regimen is not recommended for people diagnosed with gonorrhea, they must follow correct and complete treatment to fight the infection.

     To prevent the emergence of new strains resistant to antibiotics is recommended the following gonorrhea testing:

  • Use of highly effective antibiotics therapy (ceftriaxone), to prevent the emergence of therapeutic failure.
  • Identifying and treating all sexual partners who had contact with patients suffering from gonorrhea, especially sexual partners of those with recurrent infections, or which shows an infection with a pathogen resistant to antibiotics.
  • Realizing the routine cultures and anti bigrams to all patients who have recurrent infections or therapeutic failure.
  • Informing and educating people, in terms of certain measures to halt Gonococcus infection transmission, and the correct use of condoms during any sexual contact.

Investigations about gonorrhea testing

     Making the diagnosis involves knowledge of the patient history and to examine the patient. The questions that can be made by the doctor refers to sexually transmitted disease of which the patient exposed, to the partner, to the symptoms (a description of any secretions, genital pain or another region, urinary symptoms, abdominal or pelvic), the methods of contraception. Also the doctor must know about the existence of a partner at high risk of sexually transmitted diseases, and the pathological history.

     After this information follows the examination of the patient:

  • Women are subjected to pelvic examination
  • Male genitalia are examined for signs of urethritis or epididymitis.

     Gonorrhea testing is done to detect or confirm gonorrhea. The doctor takes a sample of secretions or urine and tests it for Neisseria gonorrhea. The test results are ready in a few days. Other STDs can be present with gonorrhea.

     The doctor recommended tests for:

  • Chlamydia, a bacterial infection of the male urethra and the urethra, cervix or the female reproductive organs. Approximately 40% of people who have gonorrhea have also Chlamydia
  • Syphilis, bacterial infection whose symptoms is chancre (painless cord) to the genitalia
  • Hepatitis B. This causes inflammation in the liver.
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the immune system, causing decreased ability of the body to fight infections or diseases.

Monitoring gonorrhea testing

     It is time in which the patient and the doctor monitor the symptoms without a treatment. Waiting is not recommended for gonorrhea. Treated in time can not cause long term problems, untreated, leads to complications. Avoiding the intercourse until you are examined by a doctor is mandatory in order to not infect other people. If a person was exposed, that person along with his partner must follow the treatment even if there are no symptoms. He partners who have sex in the last 60 days of when symptoms appeared must be announced when the diagnosis was confirmed. If this can not be done by the person concerned it can appeal to specialized departments of the hospitals who are dealing with this process.

Medical specialists recommend

  • GP
  • Internist
  • Gynecologist.

     Diagnosis and treatment at a low price can be made at local hospitals, family planning centers. Most people do not feel comfortable to go to their doctor for a sexually transmitted disease. There are clinics where diagnosis and treatment of STDs is strictly confidential.